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Ajhandatdrek Kalonajh

Grammatical Structure

Kalonese word order is generally the exact same as that of English : Subject - Verb - Object. This can be acceptably changed to Object - Subject - Verb or Object - Verb - Subject, provided certain conditions are adhered to.

1. Subject - Verb - Object :

    My name is Vorte Vice : Calelku celcsenkej vice vorte.

You may wish to note that in Kalonese, following the usual word order, the surname precedes the forename at all times. If you haven't guessed, my self-appointed Kalonese pseudonym is Vorte Vice.

 

2. Object - Subject - Verb :

    My name is Vorte Vice : Vortevice celcsenkej calelku.

If you are switching the order of nouns to this, the noun must strictly be one of the following: compound, followed by a compound adjective or separable verb part, or be a name, with the forename attached as a prefix to the surname. Here are some more examples:

    I like black metal (1) : Caclurva dalikva tvojh.

    I like black metal (2) : Tvojhdalikva caclurva.

 

3. Object - Verb - Subject :

    The cat (f.) found the white tower (1) : Teven kiicalkeri giljha donir.

    The cat (f.) found the white tower (3) : Donirgiljha kiicalkeri teven.

This form may only be used if the subject pronoun prefix is third person, and the subject and the object have different genders. The object must follow the same rules as 2.

 

Rogation - Question Structure

Most commonly in Kalonese, a question can be immediately identified since the clause usually starts with the word "so", meaning on its own "why". In affirmation questions i.e. Yes/No and the like, the word "so" is however not present. The confusion is sorted in a number of ways: first of all with common sense as to the context; secondly with the strict adherence to the rule that the verb is placed as the first idea; and thirdly, in writing with the question mark, and in speech with the typical increase of voice pitch.

Examples:

    I like black metal (1) : Caclurva dalikva tvojh.

    I like black metal (2) : Tvojhdalikva caclurva.

    Do you like black metal? : Daclurva dalikva tvojh?

In other questions, the word "so" is always present at the start of the clause in some form. This is done in the following way:

    Why? : So?

    How? : So lajh?

    What? : So na?

    Where? : So jhal?

    When? : So voc?

These are the main ways to form questions in Kalonese, but these words can be combined with prepositions to form other ideas, for example:

    Where do you live? : So jhales dadien? (Kalonese is strictly logical here - literally saying, "In what place do you live?")

    What is your name? : So nakej dalelku? (In accordance with the answer to this question "I am called by my name ...", the question itself asks "By what are you called?")

The Kalonese way of saying "How much?" could be termed as a different question altogether, translated as "So ivina?"

 

More to come in this section...

Vorte